12 Metre Class



12 Metre Class


Kiwi Magic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New Zealand

Yacht club Mercury Bay Boating Club

Nation New Zealand

Class 12-Metre

Sail no KZ 7

Designer(s) Bruce Farr

Builder McMullen & Wing

Launched 1986

Owner(s) Michael Fay 

Johan Blach Petersen

Racing career :

Skippers Chris Dickson

Specifications :

Type Monohull

New Zealand (KZ 7) "Kiwi Magic" was the America's Cup challenge boat sailed by Chris Dickson in the Louis Vuitton Cup Challenger series held in Gage Roads off FremantleAustralia during the summer months of 1986 through 1987. She was New Zealand's first America's Cup entry and was the premier boat in the New Zealand Challenge syndicate.




Enter: New Zealand

With Alan Bond's Royal Perth Yacht Club victory in 1983, and the arrival of the America's Cup in Australia, a sailing event that had been prohibitively far away and expensive suddenly was delivered to the near doorstep of New Zealand. Realizing this presented an opportunity to become involved, a Belgian businessman named Marcel Falcher surprised one and all in 1984 by entering New Zealand as represented by the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron as a challenger for the America's Cup. Soon thereafter Falcher was forced to leave New Zealand while being investigated by the New South Wales government on counts of fraud. The pieces of the challenge effort were picked up by businessman and financier Michael Fay, merchant banker and co-owner of Fay-Richwhite.

Combining experienced sailors under the leadership of Brad Butterworth with talented young match racer Chris Dickson, a team was assembled to compete in the 1985 12-Metre World Championships. The team made use of former US 12 Meter Enterprise (now registered as KZ 1). The exercise was intended to train up the crew for a future challenge at the Cup. During this time, planning and construction of the world's first fibreglass 12 Meter, New Zealand (KZ 3) was being constructed by Bruce Farr. She would be the first in a series of fiberglass 12 Meter yachts, all named New Zealand and constructed with a view to the 1986 12-Metre World Championships and subsequent America's Cup. KZ 5 was completed shortly after KZ 3 and was shipped straight to Fremantle.

1986 12-Metre World Championships

The 1986 12 Meter Championships were staged off Fremantle as a precursor to the America's Cup event to be held a year later. KZ 7's sister boats KZ 3 and KZ 5 competed, with KZ 5 finishing runner-up behind the Bond Syndicate's Australia III, which was the comfortable winner. The boat finished ahead of the New York yacht club entry America II, a considerable achievement that made the sailing community stand-up and take notice that the New Zealand challenge was serious.[1]

Information gained from KZ 3 and KZ 5 went into the planning of KZ 7. All three were designed by Farr Yacht Design, and comprised the first successful efforts of Bruce Farr in America's Cup Racing.

Magic Gathering

While the 12-Metre Championships were going on, KZ 7 was being constructed at the Auckland boatyard of McMullen & Wing. Michael Fay instructed the signwriter to add, "Kiwi Magic" as the final touch to the stern of the boat. She then was shipped to Fremantle for sea testing alongside KZ 5, while KZ 3 was retired from competition. The selection of skipper was down to the two men that helmed KZ 3 and KZ 5 during the 1986 12-Metre World Championships, Graeme Woodroffe[2] and Chris Dickson. Eventually it was announced that Chris Dickson was selected to skipper team New Zealand.

Rounds Robin

KZ 7 was surprisingly successful through the rounds robin. The boat was clearly fast, well crewed and capably skippered by the young Chris Dickson. She went through the first round suffering but one loss, to Stars and Stripes 87. The second and third rounds saw her to be a consistently fast sailor, losing not another match race. Through three rounds she had thirty-three wins in thirty-four starts. She had the highest point total and was the clear leader of the challenger series. This caused a great deal of discord and disbelief on the part of her rivals, who now found they were in slower boats. For people that had poured years of their life, untold time and energy, and had made use of what was thought to be the best technical support in the world, it was hard not to think that something was amiss. The simple fact of the matter was that the glass boat was fast, well sailed, and was leading the regatta.


Prior to the Louis Vuitton Cup protests were lodged by the French Kiss team, challenging whether KZ 7 was in compliance with the 12 Metre formula. A Lloyd's Register of Shipping had been present throughout the construction of the boats, and he had checked each part of the laminate and the amount and type of resin used against the building schedule which Lloyd's had approved. As the round robins progressed and the Kiwis continued to be fast, the controversy surrounding the fiberglass hulled boat intensified, brought famously to the fore at a media conference where Tom Blackaller and Dennis Conner answered questions about their concerns of whether or not the fiberglass boat met the 12 Metre standard. At one point Conner stated "There have been seventy-eight 12 Metres built, all in aluminum. Why would you want to build one in glass... unless you wanted to cheat." New Zealand had twice been measured, and twice certified by Lloyds before the first race of the series. Some small holes were drilled into the hull to check thickness, and the hull ultra-sonically checked for pockets of air in the construction of Kiwi Magic. All proved negative. These were provided for inspection by race officials. The boat was found to have a hull thickness consistent with the 12 Metre formula and the matter was put aside.[3]

Louis Vuitton Cup Semifinals and Finals

KZ 7 was the top qualifier of the round robins, followed in the points competition by Stars and Stripes 87USA and French Kiss. In the Challenger semi-finals KZ 7 easily defeated French Kiss 4-0, with none of the races closely contested. Meanwhile, a far more spirited competition between Stars and Stripes 87 and USA ensued, with USA leading all of the first race till the final mark. In the end the overall result was the same, with Stars and Stripes 87 coming away the winner, taking the series 4-0.

Going into the Louis Vuitton Finals, Kiwi Magic was the clear favorite, having won thirty-seven of her previous thirty-eight races. The boats were very closely matched, but by this point in the regatta Stars and Stripes 87 was showing a slight edge in speed going to windward, especially in heavy airs and seas. In the most tightly contested series of the regatta, the gun smoke blue hulled Stars and Stripes 87 took the series, four wins to one.[4]

Aftermath & Crew changes

Stars and Stripes 87 went on to defeat Kookaburra III, 4-0 to reclaim the America's Cup.[5]

The Kiwis meanwhile regrouped and returned to race in the 1987 World Championships in Sardinia, Italy. For the regatta Chris Dickson and Brad Butterworth were taken off boat, replaced with David Barnes as skipper while future NZL 20 skipper Rod Davis acted as tactician.

The New Zealanders sailed competitively, and ended up winning the event in the protest room, achieving victory over the Japanese entry Bengal (previously the Bond syndicate's Australia III).

After the America's Cup

Since competing in the America's Cup KZ 7 has been chartered by a number of sailors, including Bill Koch (Skipper of America 3 1992 America's Cup winner) and Patrizio Bertelli (Luna Rossasyndicate head), who went on to win World 12-Metre titles on-board Kiwi Magic. Both men were tempted to change the name of the boat but declined due to their respect for the boat's history in the America's Cup and the affection and pride felt for her by all of New Zealand.

KZ 7 would go down in history as the boat that brought New Zealand to the fore in 12 Metre match racing. For those that sailed her and those that cheered her, she symbolized that New Zealand belonged and could take her place on the world stage. She brought great pride to New Zealanders everywhere.

Kiwi Magic KZ 7 was donated to the US Merchant Marine Academy's Sailing Foundation for the offshore sailing program at the school where it continues to be sailed and raced.